Millstone Hill Observatory Publications
1960 - 2009

2009

Erickson, P.J.,L.P. Goncharenko, M.J. Nicolls, M. Ruohoniemi, M.C. Kelley, Dynamics of North American sector ionospheric and thermospheric response during the November 2004 superstorm, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., (in press), ISSN 1364-6826, DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp. 2009.04.001, 2009.

Foster, J. C., Ionospheric Effects of Severe Geomagnetic Storms, in Characterising the Ionosphere, Technical Report RTO-TR-IST-051, Chapter 5, pp. 1-14. Neuilly-sur-Seine, France: RTO, 2009.

Goncharenko, L., Jorge L. Chau, Nestor Aponte, Janet U. Kozyra, Spectacular low- and midlatitude electrical fields and neutral winds during a superstorm, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, (in press), ISSN 1364-6826, DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2008.12.006.

Henderson, M.G., E. F. Donovan, J. C. Foster, T. J. Immel, S. B. Mende, I. Mann, S. B. Sigwarth, Start-to-end global imaging of a sunward propagating, SAPS associated giant undulation event, J. Geophys. Res., (submitted).

Kelley, M.C. R. R. Ilma, M. Nicolls, P.J. Erickson, L.P. Goncharenko, Jorge L. Chau, Nestor Aponte, Janet U. Kozyra, Spectacular low- and mid-latitude electrical fields and neutral winds during a superstorm, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, (in press), ISSN 1364-6826, DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2008.12.006.

Ward, W. E., J. Oberheide, L.P. Goncharenko, T. Nakamura, P. Hoffmann, W. Singer, L.C. Chang, J. Du, D.-Y Wang, B. Clemesha, C. Meek, D.M. Riggin, C.-Y. She, and T. Yuan, On the consistency of model, ground-based and satellite observations of tidal signatures: Initial results from the CAWSES tidal campaigns, J. Geophys. Res., (submitted)

Zhang, S-.R., J. Holt, A. P. van Eyken, C. Heinselman and M. McCready (2009), IPY Observations of Ionospheric Yearly Variations from High to Middle Latitude Incoherent Scatter Radars, J. Geophys. Res., (submitted)

2008

Basu Su., S. Basu, J. J. Makela, E. MacKenzie, P. Doherty, J. W. Wright, F. Rich, M. J. Keskinen, R. E. Sheehan, A. J. Coster, Large magnetic storm-induced nighttime ionospheric flows at midlatitudes and their impacts on GPS-based navigation systems, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A00A06, doi:10.1029/2008JA013076, 2008.

Cerruti A. P., P. M. Kintner Jr., D. E. Gary, A. J. Mannucci, R. F. Meyer, P. Doherty, A. J. Coster (2008), Effect of intense December 2006 solar radio bursts on GPS receivers, Space Weather, 6, S10D07, doi:10.1029/2007SW000375.

Chau, J. L., B. G. Fejer, and L. P. Goncharenko, Quiet variability of equatorial ExB drifts during a sudden stratospheric warming event, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L05101, doi:10.1029/ 2008GL036785, 2009.

Coster, A. and S. Skone, Monitoring Storm Enhanced Density using IGS Reference Station Data, J. Geodesy, DOI: 10.1007/s00190-008-0272-3, 2008.

Coster, A., and A. Komjathy (2008), Space Weather and the Global Positioning System, Space Weather, 6, S06D04, doi:10.1029/2008SW000400.

Fabien D., D. L. Gallagher, N. André, D. L. Carpenter, I. Dandouras, P. M. E. Décréau, J. De Keyser, R. E. Denton, J. C. Foster, J. Goldstein, M. B. Moldwin, B. W. Reinisch, B. R. Sandel, and J. Tu, Plasmaspheric Density Structures and Dynamics: Properties Observed by the CLUSTER and IMAGE Missions, Space Sci. Rev., doi:10.1007/s11214-008-9438-9, 2008.

Foster, J. C., Ionospheric-Magnetospheric-Heliospheric Coupling: Stormtime Thermal Plasma Redistribution, in Mid-Latitude Dynamics and Disturbances, Geophys. Monograph Ser. 181, Am. Geophys. Union, 10.1029/181GM12, 2008.

Goncharenko, L. and S. Zhang, Ionospheric signatures of sudden stratospheric warming: ion temperature at middle latitude, Geoph. Res. Let., 35, L21103, doi:10.1029/2008GL035684, 2008.

Kelley, M. C., R. R. Ilma, M. Nicolls, P. Erickson, L. Goncharenko, J. L. Chau, N. Aponte, and J. U. Kozyra, Spectacular low and mid-latitude electrical fields and neutral winds during a superstorm, J. Atm. Solar Terr. Phys. (2009), doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.12.006.

Kintner P. M. Jr., Anthea J. Coster, Tim Fuller-Rowell, Anthony J. Mannucci, Michael Mendillo, Roderick Heelis, Editors , Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 181, 327 pp., hardbound, 2008, ISBN 978-0-87590-446-7, AGU Code GM1814467

Lee M. C., R. Pradipta, W. J. Burke, A. Labno, L. M. Burton, J. A. Cohen, S. E. Dorfman, A. J. Coster, M. P. Sulzer, S. P. Kuo (2008), Did Tsunami-Launched Gravity Waves Trigger Ionospheric Turbulence over Arecibo?, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A01302, doi:10.1029/ 2007JA012615

Lei J., W. Wang, A. G. Burns, S. C. Solomon, A. D. Richmond, M. Wiltberger, L. P. Goncharenko, A. Coster, B. W. Reinisch (2008), Observations and simulations of the ionospheric and thermospheric response to the December 2006 geomagnetic storm: Initial phase, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A01314, doi:10.1029/2007JA012807

Lu, G., L. P. Goncharenko, A. J. Coster, A. D. Richmond, R. G. Roble, N. Aponte, and L. J. Paxton, A data-model comparative study of ionospheric positive storm phase in the midlatitude F-region, in Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances, AGU Geophysical Monograph, series 181, 63-75, 2008.

Matsui, H., J. C. Foster, D. L. Carpenter, I. Dandouras, F. Darrouzet, J. De Keyser, D. L. Gallagher, J. Goldstein, P. A. Puhl-Quinn, and C. Vallat, Electric Fields and Magnetic Fields in the Plasmasphere: A Perspective From CLUSTER and IMAGE, Space Sci. Rev., doi:10.1007/s11214-008-9438-9, 2008.

Mendillo M., S. Smith, A. Coster, P. Erickson, J. Baumgardner, C. Martinis (2008), Man-made space weather, Space Weather, 6, S09001, doi:10.1029/2008SW000406

Pradipta, R., J A Cohen, M C Lee, A Labno, L M Burton, R J Riddolls, O V Batischev, A J Coster, W J Burke, M J Starks and Spencer P Kuo, (2008), Space plasma disturbances caused by NAU-launched whistler waves, Physica Scripta, published 17 December 2008

Sahai, Y., F. Becker-Guedes, P. R. Fagundes, R. de Jesus, A. J. de Abreu, L. J. Paxton, L. P. Goncharenko, C. Brunini, M. Gende, A. S. Ferreira, N. S. Lima, F. L. Guarnieri, V. G. Pillat, J. A. Bittencourt, C. M. N. Candido(2009), Effects observed in the Latin American sector ionospheric F-region during the intense geomagnetic disturbances in the early part of November 2004, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A00A19, doi:10.1029/2007JA013007.

Skone, S. and A. Coster (2008) Studies of storm-enhanced density impact on DGPS using IGS reference station data, Journal of Geodesy, Volume 83, Issue3, Page 235, doi:10.1007/s00190- 008-0242-9.

Skone S., A. Coster (2008), Potential for issuing ionospheric warnings to Canadian users of marine DGPS, Space Weather, 6, S04D03, doi:10.1029/2007SW000336

Yuan, Z.-G., X.-H. Deng, S.-R. Zhang, W.-X. Wan, and B. W. Reinisch (2009), F region behavior in the SED plume during a geomagnetic superstorm: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A08303, doi:10.1029/2008JA013841.

2006

Goncharenko, L., J. Salah, G. Crowley, L. Paxton, Y. Zhang, A. Coster, W. Rideout, C. Huang, S. Zhang, B. Reinisch, and V. Taran, Variability in the thermosphere and ionosphere during minor geomagnetic disturbances in April 2002 and its association with IMF By orientation, J. Geophys. Res., 2004JA010683, 2004 (submitted).

Henderson, M. G., E. F. Donovan, T. J. Immel, S. B. Mende, I. Mann, S. B. Sigwarth, and J. C. Foster, First start-to-end global imaging of a sunward propagating giant undulation event, J. Geophys. Res. , 2005 (submitted).

Huang, C. S., J. C. Foster, and M. C. Kelley, Long-duration enhancements of low-latitude ionospheric electric fields in association with southward IMF during the main phase of magnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 110 , doi:10.1029/2005JA011202, (in press).

Kanekal, J. C. Green, T. G. Onsager, J. C. Foster , and J. B. Blake, High-energy electron flux dropout events in the Earth's radiation belts: Relationships to plasmaspheric, ionospheric and atmospheric conditions, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 2005 (submitted).

Lei, Jinhou, L. Liu, W. Wan, S. Zhang, and A. P. Van Eyken, Comparison of the first long-duration IS experiment measurements over Millstone Hill and EISCAT Svalbard radar with IRI2001, Adv. Space Res. , (in press).

Namgaladze, A. A., Y. V. Zubova, A. N. Namgaladze, O. V. Martynenko, E. N. Doronina, L. P. Goncharenko, A. Van Eyken, V. Howells, J. P. Thayer, V. I. Taran, B. Shpynev, and Q. Zhou, Modelling of the ionosphere/thermosphere behavior during the April 2002 magnetic storms: A comparison of the UAM results with the ISR and NRLMSISE-00 data, Adv. Space Res. , 2005 (in press).

Namgaladze, A. A., L. P. Goncharenko, Y. V. Zubova, A. N. Namgaladze, O. V. Martynenko, E. N. Doronina, J. E. Salah, A. Van Eyken, V. Howells, J. P. Thayer, V. I. Taran , B. Shpynev, and Q. Zhou, Modelling of the ionospheric F2 layer electron density and thermospheric behavior during the April 2002 magnetic storms: A comparison of the UAM results with ISR, IRI and NRLMSISE00, J. Geophys. Res. , 2005 (submitted).

Wan, W., L. Liu, H. Yuan, B. Ning and S. Zhang, The GPS measured SITEC caused by the very intense solar flare on July 14, 2000, Adv. Space Res. , 2005 (in press).

Zhang, S., J. M. Holt, A. P. Van Eyken, M. McCready, C. Amory-Mazaudier, S. Fukao, and M. Sulzer, Ionospheric local model and climatology from long-term databases of multiple incoherent scatter radars, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 2005 (in press). (pdf)

Swisdak, M., J. D. Huba, G. Joyce, and C. S. Huang, Simulations of a positive storm phase observed at Millstone Hill, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 2005 (submitted).

2005

Bernhardt P. A., P. J. Erickson, F. D. Lind, J. C. Foster, and B. W. Reinisch, Artificial disturbances of the ionosphere over the Millstone Hill Incoherent Scatter Radar from dedicated burns of the space shuttle orbital maneuver subsystem engines, J. Geophys. Res., 110 , A05311, doi:10.1029/2004JA010795.

Chi, P. J., C. T. Russell, J. C. Foster, M. B. Moldwin, M. J. Engebretson, and I. R. Mann, Density enhancement in the plasmasphere-ionosphere plasma during the 2003 Halloween magnetic storm: Observations along the 265th meridian in North America, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32 , L03S07, doi:10.1029/2004GL021722, 2005.

Coster, A. J., and P. Doherty, The GPS ionospheric working group, GPS Solutions, 8 (3):184-188.

Doherty, P., A. Coster, W. Murtagh, Space weather effects of October-November 2003, GPS Solutions, 8 (4):267-271.

Duck, T., B. Firanski, F. Lind, D. Sipler, Aircraft-protection radar for use with atmospheric lidars, Appl. Opt., 44 , 4937-4945.

Foster, J. C., P. J. Erickson, F. D. Lind, and W. Rideout, Millstone Hill Coherent-Scatter Radar Observations of Electric Field Variability in the Sub-Auroral Polarization Stream, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 , L21803, doi:10.1029/2004GL021271, 2004.

Foster, J. C., and W. Rideout, Midlatitude TEC enhancements during the October 2003 superstorm, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32 , L12S04, doi:10.1029/2004GL021719, 2005.

Foster, J. C., A. J. Coster, P. J. Erickson, W. Rideout, F. J. Rich, T. J. Immel, and B. R. Sandel, Redistribution of the Stormtime Ionosphere and the Formation of the Plasmaspheric Bulge, in Inner Magnetosphere Interactions: New Perspectives from Imaging, 2004 Yosemite Conf. Proceedings, AGU Press, Wash. DC, 2005.

Foster, J. C., A. J. Coster, P. J. Erickson, J. M. Holt, F. D. Lind, W. Rideout, M. McCready, A. Van Eyken, R. A. Greenwald, F. J. Rich, Multiradar observations of the polar tongue of ionization, J. Geophys. Res., 110 , A09S31, doi:10.1029/2004JA010928.

Goncharenko L., J. E. Salah, A. Van Eyken, V. Howells, J. P. Thayer, V. I. Taran, B. Shpynev, Q. Zhou, and J. Chau, Observations of the April 2002 Geomagnetic Storm by the Global Network of Incoherent Scatter Radars, Annal. Geophys., 23 , 163-181, 2005.

Grydeland, T., F. D. Lind, P. J. Erickson, J. M. Holt, Software Radar Signal Processing, Ann. Geophys., 23 (1), 109-121, SRef-ID:1432-0576/ag/2005-23-109, 2005.

Huang, C. S., G. D. Reeves, G. Le, and K. Yumoto, Are sawtooth oscillations of energetic plasma particle fluxes caused by periodic substorms or driven by solar wind pressure enhancements? J. Geophys. Res.,110 , A07207, doi:10.1029/2005JA011018.

Huang, C. S., J. C. Foster, L. P. Goncharenko, P. J. Erickson, W. Rideout, and A. J. Coster, A strong positive phase of ionospheric storms observed by the Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar and global GPS network, J. Geophys. Res., 110 , A06303, doi:10.1029/2004JA010865.

Huang, C. S., Variations of polar cap index in response to solar wind changes and magnetospheric substorms, J. Geophys. Res., 110 , A01203, doi:10.1029/2004JA010616.

Huang, C. S., and G. D. Reeves, Periodic substorms: A new periodicity of 2-3 hours in the magnetosphere, in Multiscale Coupling of Sun-Earth Processes, edited by A. T. Y. Lui, Y. Kamide, and G. Consolini, Elsevier B. V., Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 265-279.

Huang, C. S., G. Le, and G. D. Reeves, Periodic magnetospheric substorms during fluctuating interplanetary magnetic field Bz, Geophys. Res. Lett. , L14801, doi:10.1029/2003GL0180, 2004.

Huang, C. S., and G. D. Reeves, Periodic substorms: A new periodicity of 2-3 hours in the magnetosphere, in Multiscale Coupling of Sun-Earth Processes, edited by A. T. Y. Lui, Y. Kamide, and G. Consolini, Elsevier B. V., Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 265-279, 2004.

Immel T. J., J. C. Foster, A. J. Coster, S. B. Mende, and H. U. Frey, Global storm time plasma redistribution imaged from the ground and space, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32 , L03107, doi:10.1029/2004GL021120, 2005.

Kelley, M. C., M. Vlassov, J. C. Foster, and A. J. Coster, A quantitative explanation for the phenomenon known as plasmaspheric tails or storm-enhanced density, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 , L19809, doi:10.1029/2004GL020875, 2004.

Komjathy, A., L. Sparks, A. J. Mannucci, and A. Coster, The ionospheric impact of the October 2003 storm event on Wide Area Augmentation System, GPS Solutions, 9 (1):41-50.

Lei, J., L. Liu, W. Wan, and S. Zhang, Variations of eletron density based on long-term incoherent scatter radar and ionosonde measurements over Millstone Hill (2005), Radio Science, 40 , RS2008, doi:10.1029/2004RS003106.

Skone, S., R. Yousuf, and A. Coster, Combating the Perfect Storm - Improving Marine Differential GPS Accuracy with a Wide-Area Network, GPS World , p.31-38, October 2004.

Tsurutani, B. T., A. Mannucci, B. Iijima, M. A. Abdu, J. H. A. Sobral, W. Gonzalez, F. Guarnieri, T. Tsuda, A. Saito, K. Yumoto, B. Fejer, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, J. Kozyra, J. C. Foster, A. Coster, and V. M. Vasyliunas, Global dayside ionospheric uplift and enhancement associated with interplanetary electric fields, J. Geophys. Res., 109 (A8), Art. No. A08302, 2004.

Zhang, J. Holt, P. J. Erickson, F. Lind, J. C. Foster, T. Van Eyken, Y. Zhang, L. J. Paxton, W. Rideout, L. Goncharenko, and G. Campbell, October 2002 30-day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiments at Millstone Hill and Svalbard and Simultaneous GUVI/TIMED Observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32 , L01108, doi:10.1029/2004GL020732, 2005. (pdf)

2004

Close, S., M. Oppenheim, S. Hunt, and A. Coster, A technique for calculating meteor plasma density and meteoroid mass from radar head echo scattering, Icarus, 168 , 43-53, doi. 10.1016/j/icarus.2003.11.018, 2004.

Foster, J. C., A. J. Coster, P. J. Erickson, F. J. Rich, and B. R. Sandel, Stormtime observations of the flux of plasmaspheric ions to the dayside cusp/magnetopause, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 , L08809, doi:10.1029/2004GL020082, 2004.

Galushko, V. G., V. S. Beley, A. V. Koloskov, Y. M. Yampolski, V. V. Paznukhov, B. W. Reinisch, J. C. Foster, and P. J. Erickson, Frequency-and-angular HF sounding and ISR diagnostics of TIDs, Radio Sci., 38 (6)., 1102, doi:10.1029/2002RS002861, 2003.

Goncharenko, L. P., J. E. Salah, J. C. Foster, and C. Huang, Variations in lower thermosphere dynamics at midlatitudes during intense geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 109 , A04304, doi:10.1029/2003JA010244, 2004.

Huang, C. S., J. C. Foster, G. D. Reeves, G. Le, H. U. Frey, C. J. Pollock, and J.-M. Jahn, Periodic magnetospheric substorms: Multiple space-based and ground based instrumental observations, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (A11), 1411, doi:10.1029/2003JA009992, 2003.

Huang, C. S., J. C. Foster, L. P. Goncharenko, G. D. Reeves, J. L. Chau, K. Yumoto, and K. Kitamura, Variations of low-latitude geomagnetic fields and /Dst/ index caused by magnetospheric substorms, J. Geophys. Res., 109 , A05219, doi:10.1029/2003JA010334, 2004.

Huang, C. S., G. Le, and G. D. Reeves, Periodic magnetospheric substorms during fluctuating interplanetary magnetic field Bz, Geophys. Res. Lett. , L14801, doi:10.1029/2003GL0180, 2004.

Lei, J., L. Liu, W. Wan, and S.-R. Zhang, Modeling the behavior of ionosphere above Millstone Hill during the September 21-27, 1998 storm, J. Atmos. Sp. Phys, 66 , 1093-1102, 2004.

Lei, J., L. Liu, W. Wan, S. Zhang, J. M. Holt, A statistical study of ionospheric profile parameters derived from Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar measurements Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 , L14804, 10.1029/2004GL020578, 2004.

Lind, F. D., T. Grydeland, P. J. Erickson, and J. M. Holt, The Open Radar Initiative, Radio Sci. Bull., 306 , 42-44, 2003.

Liu, L., X. Luan, W. Wan, and B. Ning, A new approach to the derivation of dynamic information from ionosonde data, Ann. Geophys., 21 , 2185-2191. 1432-0576, 2003.

Lobzin, V. V., and A. V. Pavlov. Anomalous nighttime electron temperatures over Millstone Hill: a statistical study, Ann. Geophys., 22 , 431-439, 2004.

Nicolls, M. J., M. C. Kelley, A. J. Coster, S. A. Gonzalez, and J. J. Makela, Imaging the structure of a large-scale TID using ISR and TEC Data, Geophys. Res. Lett., .31 , L09812, doi:10.1029/2004GC 019797, 2004.

Skone, S., R. Yousuf, and A. Coster, Wide Area Navigation Algorithm for Marine Users, ENC GNSS 2004, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, May 17-19, 2004.

Sojka, J. J., M. David, R. W. Schunk, J. C. Foster, and H. B. Vo, A modeling study of the F-region response to SAPS, J. Atmos. Sp. Phys, 66 (5), 415-423, 2004.

Streltsov, A. V., and J. C. Foster, Electrodynamics of the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling in the nightside subauroral zone, Phys. of Plasmas, 11 (4), 1260, DOI:10.1063/1.1647139, 2004.

Yin P., C. N. Mitchell, P. S. J. Spencer, and J. C. Foster, Ionospheric electron concentration imaging using GPS over the USA during the storm of July 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 , L12806, doi:10.1029/2004GL019899., 2004.

Zhang, S. P., J. P. Thayer, R. G. Roble, J. E. Salah, G. G. Shepherd, L. P. Goncharenko, and Q. H. Zhou, Latitudional variations of neutral wind structures in the lower thermosphere for the March equinox period, JASTP, 66 , p.105-117, 2004.(A8), Art. No. A08302, 2004.

Zhang, S., J. M. Holt, A. M. Zalucha, and C. Amory-Mazaudier, Mid-latitude ionospheric plasma temperature climatology and empirical model based on Saint Santin incoherent scatter radar data from 1966-1987, J. Geophys. Res., 109 , A11311, doi:10.1029/2004JA010709. (pdf)

Zhang, S., and J. M. Holt, Ionospheric temperature variations during 1976-2001 over Millstone Hill, Adv Space Res, 33 , 963-969, 2004. (pdf)

2003

Close, S., M. Oppenheim, S. Hunt, and A. Coster, Analytic full-wave solutions developed for scattering from meteor head echo plasma to determine head echo plasma density and meteoroid mass, Icarus , 2003.

DeMajistre, R., L. J. Paxton, D. Morrison, J. Yee, L. P. Goncharenko, and A. B. Christensen, Retrievals of nighttime electron density from Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) mission Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 109 , A05305, doi:10.1029/2003JA010296.

Skone, S., A. Coster, V. Hoyle, and C. Laurin, WAAS Availability and Performance at High Latitudes, ION GPS/GNSS 2003, 1279-1287, Portland, Oregon, 9-12 Sept 2003.

Toews, C., A. Coster, L. Thornton, E. Phelps, and S. Shulman, Ionosphere Model for Correcting Satellite Radar Observations, ION GPS/GNSS 2003 , 1683-1691, Portland, Oregon, 9-12 Sept 2003.

Zhang, S., W. L. Oliver, J. M. Holt, and S. Fukao, Ionospheric data assimilation: Comparison of extracted parameters using full density profiles and key parameters, J. Geophys. Res., 108 , 1131, 10.1029/2002JA009521, 2003. (pdf)

Zhang, S. P., J. E. Salah, N. Mitchell, W. Singer, Y. Murayama, R. R. Clark, A. Van Eyken, and J. Thayer, Responses of the mesospheric wind at high latitudes to the April 2002 space storm, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (23), 2225, doi:10.1029/2003GL018521.

2002

Erickson, P. J., J. C. Foster, and J. M. Holt, Inferred electric field variability in the polarization jet from Millstone Hill E region coherent scatter observations, Radio Sci., 37 (2), 1027, doi:10.1029/2000RS002531, 2002.

Fejer, B. G., J. T. Emmert, and D. P. Sipler, Climatology and Storm Time Dependence of Nighttime Thermospheric Neutral Winds Over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 105 (A5),10.1029/2001JA000300, 2002.

Foster, J. C., P. J. Erickson, A. J. Coster, J. Goldstein, and F. J. Rich, Ionospheric signatures of plasmaspheric tails, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (13), 10.1029/2002GL015067, 2002.

Foster, J. C., and W. J. Burke, SAPS: A New Categorization for Sub-auroral Electric Fields, EOS, 83 , 393-3942002.

Foster, J. C., and H. B. Vo, Average Characteristics and Activity Dependence of the Subauroral Polarization Stream, J. Geophys. Res ., 10.1029/2002JA009409, 2002.

Holt, J. M., S. Zhang, and M. J. Buonsanto, Regional and local ionospheric models based on Millstone Hill Incoherent Scatter Radar Data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (8), 10.1029/2002GL014678, 2002. (pdf)

Huang, C. S., Evidence of periodic (2-3 hour) near-tail magnetic reconnection and plasmoid formation: Geotail observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (24), 2189, doi:10.1029/2002GL016162, 2002.

Huang, C. S., J. C. Foster, and P. J. Erickson, Effects of solar wind variations on the midlatitude ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (A8), doi: 10.1029/2001JA009025, 2002.

Huang, C. S., J. C. Foster, P. Song, G. J. Sofko, L. A. Frank, and W. R. Paterson, Geotail Observations of magnetospheric midtail during an extended period of strongly northward interplanetary magnetic field, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (4), 15, 2002.

Jackel, B. J., D. R. Moorcroft, J. C. Foster, and K. Schlegel, Spectral Characteristics of UHF Radar Aurora, J. Geophys. Res. , 10.1029/2001JA000165, 2002.

Lambour, R. L., A. J. Coster, R. Clouser, L. E. Thornton, J. Sharma, and T. A. Cott, Operational impacts of space weather, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (3), 10.1029/2002GL015168, 2002.

Mishin, E. V., J. C. Foster, A. P. Potekin, F. J. Rich, K. Schlegel, K. Yumoto, V. I. Taran, J. M. Ruohoniemi, and R. Friedel, Global ULF Disturbances during a Stormtime Substorm on September 25, 1998, J. Geophys. Res. , 10.1029/2002JA009302, 2002.

Zhang, S., W. L. Oliver, J. M. Holt, and S. Fukao, Solar EUV Flux, Exospheric Temperature and Thermospheric Wind Inferred from Incoherent Scatter Measurements of Electron Density Profile at Millstone Hill and Shigaraki, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (9), 10.1029/2001GL013579, 2002.

Zhang S., and J. M. Holt, Plasma temperature data, climatology, and empirical models based on Millstone Hill incoherent scatter observations, International Reference Ionosphere News , December 2002.

2001

Duck, T. J., D. P. Sipler, J. E. Salah, and J. W. Meriwether, Rayleigh Lidar Observations of a Mesospheric Inversion Layer during Night and Day, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 , 3597-3600, 2001.

Huang, C. S., and J. C. Foster, Variations of midlatitude ionospheric plasma density in response to an interplanetary shock, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 , 4425, 2001.

Huang, C. S., J. C. Foster, and J. M. Holt, Westward plasma drift in the midlatitude ionospheric F region in the midnight-dawn sector, J. Geophys. Res., 106 , 30,349, 2001.

Mikhailov, A. V., and K. Schlegel, Equinoctial transitions in the ionosphere and thermosphere, Ann. Geophys., 19 , 783-796, 2001.

Pavlov, A. V., and J. C. Foster, Model/Data Comparison of F-Region Ionospheric Perturbation over Millstone Hill during the Severe Geomagnetic Storm of 15-16 July, 2000, J. Geophys. Res., 106 ,29051-29069, 2001.

Pavlov, A. V., T. Abe and K. -I. Oyama, Comparison of the measured and modeled electron densities and temperatures in the ionosphere and plasmasphere during the period 25-29 June 1990, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 63 , 605-616, 2001

Salah, J. E., and L. P. Goncharenko, Search for geomagnetic storm effects on lower thermospheric winds at midlatitude, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 63 , 951-963, 2001.

Su, Y.-J., M. F. Thomsen, J. E. Borovsky, and J. C. Foster, A linkage between polar patches and plasmaspheric drainage plumes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 , 111-113, 2001.

Scherliess, L., B. G. Fejer, J. Holt, L. Goncharenko, C. Amory-Mazaudier, and M. J. Buonsanto, Radar Studies of mid-latitude ionospheric plasma drifts, J. Geophys. Res., 106 , 1771-1783, 2001.

Sultan, P. J., and F. J. Rich, Validation of in situ ionospheric density measurements with ground-based radar, J. Spacecraft & Rockets, 38 , 590-593, 2001.

Vo, H. B, and J. C. Foster, Quantitative investigation of ionospheric density gradients at mid latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 106 , 21555-21563, 2001.

2000

Codrescu, M. V., T. J. Fuller-Rowell, J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, and S. J. Cariglia, Electric Field Variability Associated With the Millstone Hill Electric Field Model, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5265-5273, 2000.

Crowley, G., A. J. Ridley, D. Deist, S. Wing, D. J. Knipp, B. A. Emery, J. C. Foster, R. Heelis, M. Hairston, and B. W. Reinisch, The transformation of high-latitude ionospheric F-region patches into blobs during the March 21, 1990 storm, J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 5215-5230, 2000.

Foster, J. C., and P. J. Erickson, Simultaneous Observations of E-Region Coherent Backscatter and Electric Field Amplitude at F-Region Heights with the Millstone Hill UHF Radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27 , 3177-3180, 2000.

Foster, J. C., J. M. Holt, and L. J. Lanzerotti, Mid-Latitude Ionospheric Perturbation associated with the Spacelab-2 Plasma Depletion Experiment at Millstone Hill, Ann. Geophys, 18 , 111-119, 2000.

Holt, J. M., P. J. Erickson, A. M. Gorczyca, and T Grydeland, MIDAS-W: A workstation-based incoherent scatter radar data acquisition system, Ann. Geophys., 18 , 1231-1241, 2000. (pdf)

Holt, J. M., and A. P. Van Eyken, Plasma convection at high latitudes using the EISCAT VHF and ESR incoherent scatter radars, Ann. Geophys., 18 , 1088-1096, 2000.

Liemohn, M. W., J. U. Kozyra, P. G. Richards, G. V. Khazanov, M. J. Buonsanto, and V. K. Jordanova, Ring current heating of thermal electrons at solar maximum, J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 27767-27776, 2000.

Litvin, A., W. L. Oliver, J. M. Picone, and M. J. Buonsanto, The upper atmosphere during the 5-11 June 1991 magnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 12789-12796, 2000.

MacPherson, B., S. A. Gonzales, X. Pi, M. Kelley, G. J. Bailey, M. Sulzer, G. Hajj, M. J. Buonsanto, and C. Wang, Comparison between SUPIM simulations and measured TEC for the January, 1997 storm, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27 , 2845-2848, 2000.

Pavlov, A. V., and K.-I. Oyama, The role of vibrationally excited nitrogen and oxygen in the ionosphere over Millstone Hill during 16-23 March, 1990, Ann. Geophys, 18 , 957-966, 2000.

Pavlov, A. V., and K.-I. Oyama, Comparison of the measured and modeled electron densities and temperatures in the ionosphere and plasmasphere during 20-30 January, 1993, Ann. Geophys, 18 , 1257-1272, 2000.

Pi, X., M. Mendillo, W. J. Hughes, M. J. Buonsanto, D. P. Sipler, J. Kelly, Q. Zhou, G. Lu, and T. J. Hughes, Dynamical effects of geomagnetic storms and substorms in the middle latitude ionosphere: An observational campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 7403-7418, 2000.

Richards, P. G., M. J. Buonsanto, B. W. Reinisch, J. Holt, J. A Fennelly, J. L. Scali, R. H. Comfort, G. A. Germany, J. Spann, M. Brittnacher, and M.C. Fok, On the relative importance of convection and temperature on the behavior of the ionosphere in North America during January 6-12, 1997, J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 12,763-12,776, 2000.

1999

Buonsanto, M. J., Ionospheric storms- A review, Space Science Reviews, 88 , 563-601, 1999.

Buonsanto, M. J., S. González, X. Pi, J. M. Ruohoniemi, M. Sulzer, W. Swartz, J. Thayer, and D. N. Yuan, Radar chain study of the May, 1995 storm, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys, 61 , 233-248, 1999.

Buonsanto, M. J., S. A. Gonzales, G. Lu, W. Reinisch, and J. P. Thayer, Coordinated Incoherent Scatter Radar Study of the January, 1997 Storm, J. Geophys. Res., 104 , 24625-24637, 1999.

Buonsanto, M. J., and O. G. Witasse, An updated climatology of thermospheric neutral winds and F region ion drifts above Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 104 , 24675-24687, 1999.

Clark, R. R., R. J. Tate, J. E. Salah, and L. P. Goncharenko, Common-volume measurements of mesospheric winds: 2. small-scale structure implications, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61 , 1273-1287, 1999.

Emery, B. A., C. Lathuillere, P. G. Richards, R. G. Roble, M. J. Buonsanto, D. J. Knipp, P. Wilkinson, D. Sipler, and R. Niciejewski, Time dependent thermospheric neutral response to the 2-11 November 1993 storm period, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61 , 329-350, 1999.

Förster, M., J. C. Foster, J. Smilauer, K. Kudela, and A. V. Mikhailov, Simultaneous measurements from the Millstone Hill radar and the Active satellite during the SAID/SAR arc event of the March 1990 CEDAR Storm, Ann. Geophys., 17 , 389-404, 1999.

Fuller-Rowell, T. J., and M. J. Buonsanto, Preface, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61 , 193, 1999.

Jordanova, V. K., R. B. Torbert, R. M. Thorne, H. L. Colins, J. L. Roeder, and J. C. Foster, Ring current activity during the early B z < 0 phase of the January 1997 magnetic cloud, J. Geophys. Res., 104 , 24895-24914, 1999.

Mikhailov, A. V., and M. Förster, Some F2-layer effects during the January 06-11, 1997 CEDAR storm period as observed with the Millstone Hill incoherent scatter facility, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61 , 249-261, 1999.

Pavlov, A. V., M. J. Buonsanto, A. C. Schlesier, and P. G. Richards, Comparison of models and data at Millstone Hill during the 5-11 June 1991 storm, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61 , 263-279, 1999.

Salah, J. E., L. P. Goncharenko, D. P. Sipler, R. R.Clark, and R. J. Tate, Common-volume measurements of mesospheric winds using radar and optical instruments: 1. Comparison of observations, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 61 , 1259-1271, 1999.

Schlesier, A. C., and M. J. Buonsanto, The Millstone Hill ionospheric model and its application to the May 26-27, 1990 ionospheric storm, J. Geophys. Res., 104 , 22453-22468, 1999.

Schlesier, A. C., and M. J. Buonsanto, Observations and Modeling of the April 10-12, 1997 Ionospheric Storm at Millstone Hill, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 , 2359-2362, 1999.

1998

Anderson, D. N., M. J. Buonsanto, M. Codrescu, D. Decker, C. G. Fesen, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, B. W. Reinisch, P. G. Richards, R. G. Roble, R. W. Schunk, and J. J. Sojka, Intercomparison of physical models and observations of the ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 2179-2192, 1998.

Arriagada, M. A., A. J. Foppiano, and M. J. Buonsanto, Horizontal meridional thermospheric winds over King George Island, Antarctica, during the June 1991 geomagnetic storm, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 60 , 1007-1012, 1998.

Buonsanto, M. J., and L. M. Pohlman, Climatology of neutral exospheric temperature above Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 23381-23392, October 1998.

Foster, J. C., and F. J. Rich, Prompt midlatitude electric field effects during severe geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 26367-26372, November 1998.

Foster, J. C., S. Cummer and U. S. Inan, Midlatitude particle and electric field effects at the onset of the November 1993 geomagnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 26359-26366, November 1998.

Galushko, V. G., V. V. Paznukhov, Y. M. Yampolski. and J. C. Foster, Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations of the AGW/TID Events Generated by the Moving Solar Terminator, Ann. Geophys., 16 , 821-827, 1998.

Gavrilov, N. M., The structure of the intensity of disturbances of the ion temperature in the thermosphere, J. Geomag. Aeron., 1 , No. 1, 67-71, 1998.

Goncharenko, L. P., and J. E. Salah, Climatology and variability of the semidiurnal tide in the lower thermosphere over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 20715-20726, 1998.

Mikhailov, A. V., J. C. Foster, and K. Schlegel, The use of Millstone Hill and EISCAT incoherent scatter observations for F2-layer storm effects analysis, Adv Sp. Res., 22 , 833-8361, 1998.

Omidvar, K., R. Menard, and M. J. Buonsanto, Empirical determination of the O+O collision frequency, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 60 , 1485-1496, October 1998.

Pavlov, A. V., The role of vibrationally excited oxygen and nitrogen in the ionosphere during the undisturbed and geomagnetic storm period 6-12 April 1990, Ann. Geophys., 16 , 589-601, 1998.

Pavlov, A. V., and M. J. Buonsanto, Anomalous electron density events in the quiet summer ionosphere at solar minimum over Millstone Hill, Ann. Geophys., 16 , 460-469, 1998.

1997

Arriagada, M. A., A. J. Foppiano, and M. J. Buonsanto, Solar activity variations of meridional winds over King George Island, Antarctica, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 59 , 1405-1410, 1997.

Buonsanto, M. J., G. Bust, R. Clark, M. Codrescu, G. Crowley, B. A. Emery, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, G. Hoogeveen, A. Jacobson, D. Knipp, S. Maurits, P. G. Richards, J. R. Taylor, and B. J. Watkins, Recent results of the CEDAR Storm Study, Adv. Space Res., 20 (9), 1655-1664, 1997.

Buonsanto, M. J., M. Codrescu, B. A. Emery, C. G. Fesen, T. J. Fuller- Rowell, D. J. Melendez-Alvira, and D. P. Sipler, Comparison of models and measurements at Millstone Hill during the January 24-26, 1993 minor storm interval, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 7267-7277, 1997.

Buonsanto, M. J., and T. J. Fuller-Rowell, Strides made in understanding space weather at earth, EOS, Trans. American Geophysical Union, 78 , 1-7, 1997.

Buonsanto, M. J., D. P. Sipler, G. B. Davenport, and J. M. Holt, Estimation of the O+,O collision frequency from coincident radar and Fabry Perot observations at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 17,267-17,274, 1997.

Buonsanto, M. J., M. J. Starks, J. E. Titheridge, P. G. Richards, and K. L. Miller, Comparison of techniques for derivation of neutral meridional winds from ionospheric data, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 14,477-14,484, 1997.

Deng, W., J. E. Salah, et al., Coordinated Global Observations of Tidal and Planetary Waves in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere during 20-30 January, 1993, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 7307-7318, 1997.

Fesen, C. G., B. A. Emery, M. J. Buonsanto, Q. H. Zhou, and M. P. Sulzer, Simulations of the F-region during the January 1993 10 day campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 7249-7265, 1997.

Galperin, Y. I., V. S. Soloviev, K. Tokar, J. C. Foster, and M. V. Veselov, Predicting the Plasmaspheric Density Radial Profiles, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 2079-2091, 1997.

Mikhailov, A. V., and M. Förster, Day-to-day thermosphere parameter variation as deduced from Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar observations during March 16-22, 1990 magnetic storm period, Ann. Geophys., 15 , 1429-1438, 1997.

Mikhailov, A. V., J. C. Foster, Daytime thermosphere above Millstone Hill during severe geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 17275-17282, 1997.

Oliver, W. L., Hot oxygen and the ion energy budget, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 2503-2511, 1997.

Palo, S. E., J. E. Salah, et al., An Intercomparison between the GSWM, UARS and Ground Based Radar Observations: A Case Study in January 1993, Ann. Geophys., 15 , 1123-1141, 1997.

Pavlov, A. V., and M. J. Buonsanto, Comparison of model electron densities and temperatures with Millstone Hill observations during undisturbed periods and the geomagnetic storms of March 16-23 and April 6-12, 1990, Ann. Geophys., 15 , 327-344, 1997.

Picone, J. M., R. R. Meier, O. A. Kelley, D. J. Melendez-Alvira, K. F. Dymond, R. P. McCoy, and M. J. Buonsanto, Discrete inverse theory for 834 Å ionospheric remote sensing, Radio Sci., 32 , 1973-1984, 1997.

Richards, P. G., and G. V. Khazanov, On the thermal electron energy balance in the ionosphere in January 1993 and June 1990, J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 7369-7377, 1997.

Salah, J. E., W. Deng, and R. R. Clark, Observed Dynamical Coupling through Tidal Wave Propagation in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere at Mid Latitudes, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 59 , 641-654, 1997.

1996

Erukhimov, L., and J. C. Foster, On electron and ion temperatures in the perturbed upper atmosphere, Radiophys. Quantum Electr., 39 , 268- 272, 1996.

Oliver, W. L., and K. Glotfelty, O+-O collision cross section and long-term F region O density variations deduced from the ionospheric energy budget, J. Geophys. Res., 101 , 21769-21784, 1996.

Pavlov, A. V., Interpretation of diurnal variations in the main parameters of the ionospheric F2 region from the data of Millstone Hill during the magnetic storm on September 30, 1969, Geomag. Aeron., 35 , 583, 1996.

Pavlov, A. V., and M. J. Buonsanto, Using steady-state vibrational temperatures to model effects of N2* on calculations of electron densities, J. Geophys. Res., 101 , 26,941-26,945, 1996.

Salah, J. E., W. Deng and R. R. Clark, Observed Response of the Earth's Lower Thermosphere to a Major Geomagnetic Storm, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23 , 575-578, 1996.

Semeter, J., M. Mendillo, J. Baumgardner, J. M. Holt, D. E. Hunton, and V. Eccles, A Study of Oxygen 6300ÅÅ Airglow Production through Chemical Modification of the Neutral Ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 101 , 19683-19699, 1996.

1995

Buonsanto, M. J., Millstone Hill incoherent scatter F-region observations during the disturbances of June 1991, J. Geophys. Res., 100 , 5743-5755, 1995.

Buonsanto, M. J., A case study of the ionospheric storm dusk effect, J. Geophys. Res., 100 , 23857-23869, 1995.

Buonsanto, M. J., and J. M. Holt, Measurements of gradients in ionospheric parameters with a new nine position experiment at Millstone Hill, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57 , 705-717, 1995.

Buonsanto, M. J., P. G. Richards, W. K. Tobiska, S. C. Solomon, Y.-K. Tung, and J. A. Fennelly, Ionospheric electron densities calculated using different EUV flux models and cross sections: Comparison with radar data, J. Geophys. Res., 100 , 14569-14580, 1995.

Codrescu, M. V., T. J. Fuller-Rowell, and J. C. Foster, On the importance of E-field variability for Joule heating in the high-latitude thermosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22 , 2393-2396, 1995.

Cohn, S. A., Radar Measurements of Turbulent Eddy Dissipation Rate in the Troposphere: A Comparison of Techniques, J. Atmos. Ocean Tech., 12 , 85-95, 1995.

Foster, J. C., Radar Observations of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling at Mid and High Latitudes, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 47 , 801-812, 1995.

Hagan, M. E. and J. E. Salah, Upper Thermospheric Variability over Millstone Hill during the LTCS-2 and LTCS-6 campaigns, J. Geophys. Res. , 23769, 1995.

Pakula, W. A., P. F. Fougere, J. A. Klobuchar, H. J. Kuenzler, M. J. Buonsanto, J. M. Roth, J. C. Foster, and R. E. Sheehan, Tomographic reconstruction of the ionosphere over North America with comparisons to ground-based radar, Radio Sci., 30 , 89-103, 1995.

Richards, P. G., D. G. Torr, M. E. Hagan, and M. J. Buonsanto, A new algorithm for improved ionospheric electron density modeling, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22 , 1385-1388, 1995.

Sipler, D. P., M. A. Biondi, and M. E. Zipf, Vertical winds in the midlatitude thermosphere from Fabry-Perot interferometer measurements, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57 , 621-629, 1995.

1994

Biondi, M. A., M. E. Zipf, D. P. Sipler, and J. L. Baumgardner, ASDI (All-Sky Doppler interfer-ometer) - Determinations of Thermospheric Wind and Temperature Fields over Large Regions of the Upper Atmosphere, Proc. of Soc. of Photo-Optical Inst. Engs., 2266 , 101-108, 1994.

Buonsanto, M. J., Evidence for polarization electric fields in the daytime F region above Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 99 , 6437-6446, 1994.

Chen, C. F., B. W. Reinisch, J. L. Scali, X. Huang, R. R. Gamache, M. J. Buonsanto, and B. D. Ward, The Accuracy of Ionogram-Derived N(h) Profiles, Adv. Space Res., 14 (12), (12)43-(12)46, 1994.

Cohn, S. A., Investigations of the Wavelength Dependence of Radar Backscatter from Atmospheric Turbulence, J. Atmos. Ocean Tech., 11 , 225-238, 1994.

Duboin, M. L., J. E. Salah, and J. M. Forbes, Semidiurnal Tides Deduced from Saint-Santin, Observations during the LTCS-1 Campaign, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56 , 1339-1346, 1994

Foster, J. C., M. J. Buonsanto, M. Mendillo, D. Nottingham, F. J. Rich, and W. Denig, Coordinated stable auroral red arc observations: Relationship to plasma convection, J. Geophys. Res., 99 , 11429-11439, 1994.

Foster, J. C., M. J. Buonsanto, J. M. Holt, J. A. Klobuchar, P. Fougere, W. Pakula, T. D. Raymund, V. E. Kunitsyn, E. S. Andreeva, E. D. Tereshchenko, and B. Z. Khudukon, Russian-American Tomography Experiment, Int. J. Imaging Sys. Tech, 5 , 148-159, 1994.

Hedin, A. E., M. J. Buonsanto, M. Codrescu, M.-L. Duboin, C. G. Fesen, M. E. Hagan, K. L. Miller, and D. P. Sipler, Solar activity variations in midlatitude thermospheric meridional winds, J. Geophys. Res., 99 , 17601-17608, 1994.

Kamide, Y., J. C. Foster, et al., Ground-Based Studies of Ionospheric Convection associated with Substorm Expansion, J. Geophys. Res., 99 , 19451-19466, 1994.

Manson, A. H., J. E. Salah, et al., The Mesosphere Lower Thermosphere Coupling Study, Adv. Space Res., Low Latitude Ionospheric Physics, COSPAR, 7 , Pergammon Press, 1994.

Pavlov, A. V., The role of vibrationally excited nitrogen in the formation of the mid-latitude negative ionospheric storms, Ann. Geophys., 12 , 554-564, 1994.

Richards, P. G., D. G. Torr, M. J. Buonsanto, and D. P. Sipler, Ionospheric Effects of the March 1990 Magnetic Storm: Comparison of Theory with Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 99 , 23359-23365, 1994.

Salah, J. E., Variability of Winds and Temperatures in the Lower Thermosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56 , 1327-1337, 1994.

Salah, J. E., R. R. Clark, J. M. Forbes, A. H. Manson, S. K. Avery, and R. Schminder, Radar Observations of the Semidiurnal Tide in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere at Midlatitudes, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56 , 1251-1261, 1994.

Taylor, J. R., T. K. Yeoman, M. Lester, M. J. Buonsanto, J. L. Scali, J. M. Ruohoniemi and J. D. Kelly, Ionospheric convection during the magnetic storm of 20-21 March 1990, Ann. Geophys., 12 , 1174-1191, 1994.

1993

Buonsanto, M. J., M. E. Hagan, J. E. Salah, and B. G. Fejer, Solar Cycle and Seasonal Variations in F Region Electrodynamics at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 15677-15683, 1993.

Buonsanto, M. J., and J. C. Foster, Effects of magnetospheric electric fields and neutral winds on the low-middle latitude ionosphere during the March 20-21, 1990 storm, J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 19133-19140, 1993.

del Pozo, C. F., J. C. Foster, J.-P. St.-Maurice, Dual-Mode E Region Plasma Wave Observations from Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 6013-6032. 1993.

Fesen, C. G., M. E. Hagan, C. A. Tepley, and R. G. Roble, On the Coupling Between the Lower and the Upper Thermosphere during the First Lower Thermosphere Coupling Study, J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 1545-1558, 1993.

Foster, J. C., Storm-Time Plasma Transport at Mid and High Latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 1675-1689, 1993.

Groves, K. M., M. C. Lee, and J. C. Foster, Nonlinear Ionospheric Propagation Effects on UHF Radio Signals, Physics of Space Plasmas (1991), 377-392, 1993.

Hagan, M. E., Quiet-Time Upper Thermospheric Winds Over Millstone Hill Between 1984 and 1990, J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 3731-3739, 1993.

Kozyra, J. U., M. O Chandler, D. C. Hamilton, W. K. Peterson, D. M. Klumpar, D. W. Slater, M. J. Buonsanto, and H. C. Carlson, The Role of Ring Current Nose Events in Producing SAR Arc Intensifications during the Main Phase: Observations during the September 19-24, 1984 Equinox Transition Study (ETS), J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 9267-9283, 1993.

Lester, M., O. de la Beaujardiere, J. C. Foster, M. P. Freeman, H. Luhr, J. M. Ruohoniemi, W. Swider, The Response of the Large Scale Ionospheric Convection Pattern to Changes in the IMF and Substorms: Results From the Sundial 1987 Campaign, Ann. Geophys., 11 , 556-571, 1993.

Salah, J. E., Interim Standard for the Ion-Neutral Atomic Oxygen Collision Frequency, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20 , 1543-1546, 1993.

Uspensky, M. V., A. V. Kustov, and J. C. Foster, An Alternative Look at the Aspect Sensitivity of Auroral Radar Backscatter: A Forward Scatter Effect, J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 7721-7728, 1993.

1992

Buonsanto, M. J., S. C. Solomon, and W. K. Tobiska, Comparison of Measured and Modeled Solar EUV Flux and its Effect on the E-F1 Region Ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 97 , 10513-10524, 1992.

Buonsanto, M. J., J. C. Foster, and D. P. Sipler, Observations From Millstone Hill During the Geomagnetic Disturbances of March and April 1990, J. Geophys. Res., 97 , 1225-1243, 1992.

Buonsanto, M. J., Y.-K. Tung, and D. P. Sipler, Neutral Atomic Oxygen Density From Nighttime Radar and Optical Wind Measurements at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 97 , 8673-8679, 1992.

Foster, J. C., D. Tetenbaum, C. F. del Pozo, J.-P. St.-Maurice, and D. R. Moorcroft, Aspect Angle Variations in Intensity, Phase Velocity and Altitude for High-Latitude 34 cm E Region Irregularities, J. Geophys. Res., 97 , 8601-8617, 1992.

Foster, J. C., D. Tetenbaum, Phase Velocity Studies of 34-cm E Region Irregularities Observed at Millstone Hill, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 54 , 759-768, 1992.

Hagan, M. E., C. A. Barth, W. K. Tobiska, A. H. Manson, R. A. Vincent, M. J. Buonsanto, R. G. Burnside, and V. B. Wickwar, Observations of Upper Atmospheric Weather During Solar Minimum Winter, J. Geophys. Res., 97 , 4163-4176, 1992.

Holt, J. M., D. A. Rhoda, D. Tetenbaum, and A. P. Van Eyken, Optimal Analysis of Incoherent Scatter Radar Data, Radio Sci., 27 , 435-447, 1992.

Khazanov, G. V., A. F. Nagy, T. I Gombosi, M. A. Koen, and S. J. Cariglia, Analytic Description of the Electron Temperature Behavior in the Upper Ionosphere and Plasmasphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19 , 1915-1918, 1992.

Sultan, P. J., M. Mendillo, W. L. Oliver, and J. M. Holt, Detection of Artifically Created Negative Ion Clouds With Incoherent Scatter Radar, J. Geophys. Res., 97 , 4085-4097, 1992.

1991

Aarons, J., J. C. Foster, and A. S. Rodger, Auroral and Sub-Auroral F-Layer Irregularities and High Plasma During the Magnetically Active Periods of September 17-24, 1984, Ann. Geophys., 9 , 614-627, 1991.

Buonsanto, M. J., Neutral Winds in the Thermosphere at Mid-latitudes Over a Full Solar Cycle: A Tidal Decomposition, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 3711-3724, 1991.

Chen, C. -F., B. D. Ward, B. W. Reinisch, M. J. Buonsanto, and R. R. Gamache, Ionosonde Observations of the E-F Valley and Comparison with Incoherent Scatter Radar Profiles, Adv. Space Res., 10 ,(10)89-(10)92, 1991.

Clark, R. R., J. E. Salah, Propagation of the Solar Semidiurnal Tide in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere at Mid Latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 1129-1133, 1991.

Forbes, J. M., J. E. Salah, Mesosphere-Thermosphere Tidal Coupling During the September 21-25, 1987, LTCS-1 Campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 1135-1145, 1991.

Foster, J. C., and D. Tetenbaum, High-Resolution Backscatter Power Observations of 440 MHz E Region Coherent Echoes at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 1251-1261, 1991.

Groves, K. M., M. C. Lee, and J. C. Foster, Nonlinear Ionospheric Propagation Effects on UHF Radio Signals, Physics of Space Plasmas, SPI Conference Proceedings and Reprint Series, 11 , 377-392, 1991.

Hagan, M. E., and D. P. Sipler, Combined Incoherent Scatter Radar and Fabry-Perot Interferometer Measurements of Frictional Heating Effects over Millstone Hill during March 7-10, 1989, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 289-296, 1991.

Hedin, A. E., M. A. Biondi, R. G. Burnside, G. Hernandez, R. M. Johnson, T. L. Killeen, C. Mazaudier, J. W. Meriwether, J. E. Salah, R. J. Sica, R. W. Smith, N. W. Spencer, V. B. Wickwar, and T. S. Virdi, Revised Global Model of Thermosphere Winds using Satellite and Ground based Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 7657-7688, 1991.

Salah, J. E., R. M. Johnson, and C. A. Tepley, Coordinated Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations of the Semidiurnal Tide in the Lower Thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 1071-1080, 1991.

Sipler, D. P., M. E. Hagan, M. E. Zipf, and M. A. Biondi, Combined Optical and Radar Wind Measurements in the F-Region over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 21,255-21,262, 1991.

Yeh, H.-C., J. C. Foster, F. J. Rich, and W. Swider, Storm Time Electric Field Penetration Observed at Mid-latitude, J. Geophys. Res., 96 , 5707-5721, 1991.

1990

Buonsanto, M. J., Observed and calculated F2 peak heights and derived meridional winds at mid-latitudes over a full solar cycle, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 52 , 223-240, 1990.

Buonsanto, M. J., A Study of the Daytime E-F1 Region Ionosphere at Mid-Latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 7735-7747, 1990.

Buonsanto, M. J., J. C. Foster, A. D. Galasso, D. P. Sipler, and J. M. Holt, Neutral Winds and Thermosphere/Ionosphere Coupling and Energetics During the Geomagnetic Disturbances of March 6-10, 1989, J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 21033-21050, 1990.

Coster, A. J., M. J. Buonsanto, E. M. Gaposchkin, D. Tetenbaum, and L. E. Thornton, Ionospheric and Tropospheric Path Delay Obtained from GPS Integrated Phase, Incoherent Scatter and Refractometer Data and from IRI-86, Adv. Space Res., 10 , (8)105-(8)108, 1990.

Coster, A. J., E. M. Gaposchkin, L. E. Thornton, M. Buonsanto, and D. Tetenbaum, Comparison of GPS and Incoherent Scatter Measurements of the Total Electron Content, The Effect of the Ionosphere on Radiowave Signals and System Performance, 460-469, 1990.

Decker, D. T., J. M. Retterer, J. R. Jasperse, D. N. Anderson, F. J. Rich, and J. C. Foster, Determination of Daytime Midlatitude Electron Density Profiles from Limited Real Time Measurements, The Effect of the Ionosphere on Radiowave Signals and System Performance, 436-441, 1990.

Emery, B. A., A. D. Richmond, H. W. Kroehl, C. D. Wells, J. M. Ruohoniemi, M. Lester, D. J. Knipp, F. J. Rich, J. C. Foster, O. de la Beaujardière, C. Senior, L. M. Shier, J. F. McKee, and S. Maeda, Electric potential patterns deduced for the SUNDIAL period of September 23-26, 1986, Ann. Geophys ., 399-408, 1990.

Fejer, B. G., R. W. Spiro, R. A. Wolf, and J. C. Foster, Latitudinal variation of perturbation electric fields during magnetically disturbed periods: 1986 SUNDIAL observations and model results, Ann. Geophys ., 441-454, 1990.

Groves, K. M., M. C. Lee, J. C. Foster, UHF Radar Backscatter Enhancements from the Topside Ionosphere, The Effect of the Ionosphere on Radiowave Signals and System Performance, 266-272, 1990.

Hagan, M. E., J. M. Forbes, and M. Codrescu, A Numerical Investigation of Thermosphere-Ionosphere Interaction Over Millstone Hill, Planetary Space Sci., 38 , 1541-1549, 1990.

Kozyra, J. U., C. E. Valladares, H. C. Carlson, M. J. Buonsanto, and D. W. Slater, A Theoretical Study of the Seasonal and Solar Cycle Variations of Stable Aurora Red Arcs, J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 12219-12234, 1990.

Mendillo, M., J. B. Sigwarth, J. D. Craven, L. A. Frank, J. M. Holt, and D. Tetenbaum, Project ERIC: The Search for Environmental Reactions Induced by Comets, Adv. Space Res., 10 , (7)83-(7)87, 1990.

Oliver, W. L., Neutral and Ion Composition Changes in the F Region Over Millstone Hill During the Equinox Transition Study, J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 4129-4134, 1990.

Richmond, A. D., Y. Kamide, S.-I. Akasofu, D. Alcayde, M. Blanc, O. de la Beaujardière, D. S. Evans, J. C. Foster, E. Friis-Christensen, J. M. Holt, R. J. Pellinen, C. Senior, and A. N. Zaitzev, Global Measures of Ionospheric ELectrodynamic Activity Inferred From Combined Incoherent Scatter Radar and Ground Magnetometer Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 1061-1071, 1990.

Tetenbaum, D., J. M. Holt, and J. E. Salah, High Resolution Observations of the Lower Thermosphere at Millstone Hill During the September 1987 LTCS Campaign, Adv. Space Res., 10 , (6)277-(6)280, 1990.

Yeh, H.-C., and J. C. Foster, Storm Time Heavy Ion Outflow at Mid-Latitude, J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 7881-7891, 1990.

Yeh, H.-C., J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, R. H. Redus, and F. J. Rich, Radar and Satellite Observations of the Storm Time Cleft, J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 12075-12090, 1990.

1989

Aarons, J., J. C. Foster, L. Kersley, and A. S. Rodger, Ionospheric Structure and Variability on a Global Scale and Interactions with Atmosphere and Magnetosphere, Proced. AGARD Conf No. 441 , 34/1-34/14, 1989.

Buonsanto, M. J., Comparison of Incoherent Scatter Observations of Electron Density, and Electron and Ion Temperature at Millstone Hill with the International Reference Ionosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 51 , 441-468, 1989.

Buonsanto, M. J., J. E. Salah, K. L. Miller, W. L. Oliver, R. G. Burnside, and P. G. Richards, Observations of Neutral Circulation at Mid-Latitudes During the Equinox Transition Study, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 16987-16997, 1989.

Cohn, S. A., Multifrequency Stratosphere and Troposphere (ST) Studies at Millstone Hill: Motivations and Preliminary Results, Handbook for MAP, 28 , 179, 1989.

Cohn, S. A., Stratosphere and Troposphere Studies with the Millstone Hill UHF Radar: Recent Improvement and Future Plans, Handbook for MAP, 28 , 456, 1989.

Crowley, G., B. A. Emery, R. G. Roble, H. C. Carlson, Jr., J. E. Salah, V. B. Wickwar, K. L. Miller, W. L. Oliver, R. G. Burnside, F. A. Marcos, and R. A. Vincent, Thermospheric Dynamics During the Equinox Transition Study 18-19 September 1984: II. Validation of the NCAR-TGCM, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 16945-16959, 1989.

Foster, J. C., Plasma Transport Through the Dayside Cleft: A Source of Ionization Patches in the Polar Cap, Electromagnetic Coupling in the Polar Clefts and Caps, P. E. Sandholt and A. Egeland (eds.), 343-354, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dorchecht, 1989.

Foster, J. C., T. Fuller-Rowell, and D. S. Evans, Quantitative Patterns of Large-Scale Field-Aligned Currents in the Auroral Ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 2555-2564, 1989.

Foster, J. C., T. Turunen, P. Polari, H. Kohl, and V. B. Wickwar, Multi-Radar Mapping of Auroral Convection, Adv. Space Res., 9 , (5)19-(5)27, 1989.

Foster, J. C., H.-C. Yeh, J. M. Holt, and D. S. Evans, Two-Dimensional Mapping of Dayside Convection, Electromagnetic Coupling in the Polar Clefts and Caps, P. E. Sandholt and A. Egeland (eds.), 115-125, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dorchecht, 1989.

Knipp, D. J., A. D. Richmond, G. Crowley. O. de la Beaujardière, E. Friis-Christensen, D. S. Evans, J. C. Foster, I. W. McCrea, F. J. Rich, and J. A. Waldock, Electrodynamic Patterns for September 19, 1984, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 16913-16923, 1989.

Maeda, S., T. J. Fuller-Rowell, and D. S. Evans, Zonally Averaged Dynamical and Compositional Response of the Thermosphere to Auroral Activity During September 18-24, 1984, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 16869-16883, 1989.

Mendillo, M., J. Baumgardner, and J. Providakes, Ground-Based Imaging of Detached Arcs, Ripples in the Diffuse Aurora, and Patches of 6300-Å Emission, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 5367-5381, 1989.

Providakes, J. F., M. C. Kelley, W. E. Swartz, M. Mendillo, and J. M. Holt, Radar and Optical Measurements of Ionospheric Processes Associated With Intense Subauroral Electric Fields, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 5350-5366, 1989.

Richards, P. G., D. G. Torr, M. J. Buonsanto, and K. L. Miller, The Behavior of the Electron Density and Temperature at Millstone Hill During the Equinox Transition Study September 1984, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 16969-16975, 1989.

St.-Maurice, J.-P., J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, and C. del Pozo, First Results on the Observation of 440-MHz High-Latitude Coherent Echoes from the E Region with the Millstone Hill Radar, J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 6771-6798, 1989.

1988

Foster, J. C., Plasma Turbulence and Enhanced UHF Radar Backscatter From the Topside Ionosphere, Physics of Space Plasmas (1988), 8, T. Chang (ed.), 213-229, Scientific Pub., Cambridge, 1988.

Foster, J. C., C. del Pozo, K. Groves, and J.-P. St. Maurice, Radar Observations of the Onset of Current Driven Instabilities in the Topside Ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15 , 160-163, 1988.

Foster, J. C., and J. Aarons, Enhanced Antisunward Convection and F Region Scintillations at Mid-Latitudes During Storm Onset, J. Geophys. Res., 93 , 11,537-11,542, 1988.

Hagan, M. E., Effects of Geomagnetic Activity in the Winter Thermosphere, 2. Magnetically Disturbed Conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 93 , 9937-9944, 1988.

Hagan, M. E., and J. E. Salah, Effects of Geomagnetic Activity in the Winter Thermosphere, 1. Magnetically Undisturbed Conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 93 , 9927-9935, 1988.

Oliver, W. L., and J. E. Salah, The Global Thermospheric Mapping Study, J. Geophys. Res., 93 , 4039-4059, 1988.

Rasmussen, C. E., J. J. Sojka, R. W. Schunk, V. B. Wickwar, O. de la Beaujardiere, J. Foster, and J. Holt, Comparison of Simultaneous Chatanika and Millstone Hill Temperature Measurements with Ionospheric Model Predictions, J. Geophys. Res., 93 , 1922-1932, 1988.

Richmond, A. D., Y. Kamide, B. H. Ahn, S.-I. Akasofu, D. Alcayde, M. Blanc, O. de la Beaujardiere, D. S. Evans, J. C. Foster, E. Friis-Christensen, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, J. M. Holt, D. Knipp, H. W. Kroehl, R. P. Lepping, R. J. Pellinen, C. Senior, and A. N. Zaitzev, Mapping Electrodynamic Features of the High-Latitude Ionosphere from Localized Observations: Combined Incoherent-Scatter Radar and Magnetometer measurements for 1984 January 18-19, J. Geophys. Res., 93 , 5760-5776, 1988.

Swartz, W. E., J. F. Providakes, M. C. Kelley, and J. F. Vickrey, The Effect of Strong Velocity Shears on Incoherent Scatter Spectra: A New Interpretation of Unusual High Latitude Spectra, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15 , 1341-1344, 1988.

1987

Bering, E. A., III, and J. R. Benbrook, Conjugate ionospheric electric field measurements, Ann. Geophys., 5A , (6) 485-502, 1987.

Evans, D. S., T. J. Fuller-Rowell, S. Maeda, and J. C. Foster, Specification of the Heat Input to the Thermosphere From Magnetospheric Processes Using Tiros/NOAA Auroral Particle Observations, Adv. Astronaut Sci., 65 , 1649-1668, 1987.

Foster, J. C., Radar-Deduced Models of the Convection Electric Field, Quantitative Modeling of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling Processes, Y. Kamide, ed., 71-76, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. Pub., Kyoto, 1987.

Foster, J. C., Reply to Kamide and Richmond, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14 , 160-161, 1987.

Holt, J. M., R. H. Wand, J. V. Evans, and W. L. Oliver, Empirical Models for the Plasma Convection at High latitudes from Millstone Hill Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 92 , 203, 1987.

Maeda, S., T. J. Fuller-Rowell, D. S. Evans, and J. C. Foster, Numerical Simulations of Thermospheric Disturbances excited by Magnetospheric Energy Input, Quantitative Modeling of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling Processes, Y. Kamide, ed., 22-27, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. Pub., Kyoto, 1987.

Mendillo, M., J. Baumgartner, D. Allen, J. Foster, J. Holt, G. Ellis, A. Klekociuk, and G. Reber, Spacelab-2 Plasma Depletion Experiments for Ionospheric and Radioastronomical Studies, Science, 238 , 1260-1264, 1987.

Mendillo, M., J. Baumgardner, J. Aarons, J. Foster, and J. Klobuchar, Coordinated Optical and Radio Studies of Ionospheric Disturbances: Initial Results from Millstone Hill, Ann. Geophys., 5A , 543-550, 1987.

Miller, K. L., J. E. Salah, and D. G. Torr, The Effect of Electric Fields on Measurements of Meridional Neutral Winds in the Thermosphere, Ann. Geophys., 5A , (6), 337-342, 1987.

Salah, J. E., G. Hernandez, R. G. Roble, and B. A. Emery, Longitudinal and Latitudinal Dependences of Thermospheric Winds From Incoherent Scatter Radar and Optical Emission Doppler Shift Measurements, Ann. Geophys., 5A , (6), 359-362, 1987.

Salah, J. E., M. L. Duboin, and C. Mazaudier, Ionospheric Electrodynamics Over Saint-Santin and Millstone Hill during 26-28 June 1984, Ann. Geophys., 5A , (6), 351-358, 1987.

1986

Forbes, J. M., W. L. Oliver, R. G. Burnside, and C. A. Tepley, Thermospheric tides during the TMS periods, Adv. Space Res ., 1986.

Foster, J. C., J. M. Holt, R. G. Musgrove, and D. S. Evans, Ionospheric Convection Associated with Discrete Levels of Particle Precipitation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 13 , 6566-659, 1986.

Foster, J. C., J. M. Holt, R. G. Musgrove, and D. S. Evans, Solar wind dependencies of high-latitude convection and precipitation, Proc. of Chapman Conf. on Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Coupling , Kamide, Y., and Slavin, J., (eds.), 477-494, 1986.

Oliver, W. L., and J. E. Salah, Initial results from the Global Thermospheric Mapping Study, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Publication 2389, Proceedings of the Thermospheric Dynamics Workshop II , Beltsville/Calverton Maryland, October 3-5, 1984, 275-296, 1986.

Rasmussen, C. E., R. W. Schunk, J. J. Sojka, V. B. Wickwar, O. de la Beaujardiere, J. Foster, J. Holt, D. S. Evans, and E. Nielsen, Comparison of Simultaneous Chatanika and Millstone Hill Observations with Ionospheric Model Predictions, J. Geophys. Res., 91 , 6986-6998, 1986.

Roble, R. G., B. A. Emery, E. C. Ridley, Ionospheric and Thermospheric Response Over Millstone Hill to the May 30, 1984, Annular Solar Eclipse, J. Geophys. Res., 91 , 1661-1670, 1986.

Salah, J. E., W. L. Oliver, J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, B. A. Emery and R. G. Roble, Observations of the May 30, 1984, Annular Solar Eclipse at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys Res., 91 , 1651-1660, 1986.

Salah, J. E., W. L. Oliver, B. A. Emery, R. G. Roble, E. C. Ridley, and H. C. Carlson, Millstone Hill measurements and TGCM simulation for the 30 May 1984 annular solar eclipse, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Publication 2389, Proceedings of the Thermospheric Dynamics Workshop II, Beltsville/Calverton Maryland, October 3-5, 1984, 415-438, 1986.

1985

de la Beaujardiere, O., V. B. Wickwar, G. Caudal, J. M. Holt, J. D. Craven, L. A. Frank, L. H. Brace, D. S. Evans, J. . Winningham, and R. A. Heelis, Universal time dependence of nighttime F-region densities at high latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 90 , 4319, 1985.

Foster, J. C., J. M. Holt, G. B. Loriot, and W. L. Oliver, World day observations at Millstone Hill, EOS Trans. AGU, 66 , 457-458, 1985.

Hagan, M. E., and W. L. Oliver, Solar cycle variability of exospheric temperature at Millstone Hill between 1970 and 1980, J. Geophys. Res., 90 , 12265-12270, 1985.

Holt, J. M., J. V. Evans, W. L. Oliver, and R. H. Wand, Millstone Hill observations of ionospheric convection, Physics of Space Plasmas, Scientific Publishers , Cambridge, 1985.

Oliver, W. L., The contribution of the incoherent scatter radar technique to the development of thermospheric models, Adv. Space Res., 5 (7), 203-212, 1985.

1984

de la Beaujardiere, O., V. B. Wickwar, M. J. Baron, J. M. Holt, and R. H. Wand, MITHRAS: A brief description, Radio Sci., 19 , 665, 1984.

Caudal, G., O. de la Beaujardiere, D. Alcayde, J. M. Holt, and G. Lejeune, Simultaneous measurements of the electrodynamic parameters of the auroral ionosphere by the EISCAT, Chatanika and Millstone Hill radars, Ann. Geophys., 2 , 369, 1984.

Foster, J. C., Multi-radar studies of the auroral ionosphere with the Millstone Hill radar, Proc. of the Second United States-Finland Workshop on Magnetospheric and Ionospheric Phenomena in Auroral Regions, U. of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, 1984.

Holt, J. M., R. H. Wand, and J. V. Evans, Millstone Hill measurements on 26 February 1979 during the solar eclipse on formation of a midday F-region trough, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46 , 251, 1984.

Oliver, W. L., J. C. Foster, J. M. Holt, G. B. Loriot, and V. B. Wickwar, Initial Millstone Hill, Sondrestrom, and HILAT observations of thermospheric temperatures and frictional heating, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1 , 911, 1984.

Oliver, W. L., Millstone Hill incoherent scatter observations of exospheric temperature over 25 to 60 degrees north latitude, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1 , 915, 1984.

Wand, R. H., and M. Mendillo, Incoherent scatter observations of an artificially modified ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 89 , 203, 1984.

Woodman, R. F., and P. K. Rastogi, Evaluation of effective eddy diffusive coefficients using radar observations of turbulence in the stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 11 , 243, 1984.

1983

de la Beaujardiere, O., J. M. Holt, and E. Nielsen, Early MITHRAS results: The electric field response to substorms, Radio Sci., 18 , 981, 1983.

Baron, M. J., and R. H. Wand, F-region ion temperature enhancements resulting from Joule heating, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 4114, 1983.

Blanc, M., Magnetospheric effects at mid-latitudes: 3. Theoretical derivation of the disturbance convection pattern in the plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 235, 1983.

Evans, J. V., and R. H. Wand, Traveling ionospheric disturbances detected by UHF angle-of-arrival measurements, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 45 , 255, 1983.

Evans, J. V., J. M. Holt, and R. H. Wand, On the formation of daytime troughs in the F-region within the plasmasphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10 , 405, 1983.

Evans, J. V., J. M. Holt, and R. H. Wand, A differential-Doppler study of traveling ionospheric disturbances from Millstone Hill, Radio Sci., 18 , 435, 1983.

Evans, J. V., J. M. Holt, W. L. Oliver, and R. H. Wand, The fossil theory of nighttime high latitude F region troughs, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 7769, 1983.

Forbes, J. M., M. E. Hagan, and K. S. Champion, Neutral temperatures from Thompson Scatter measurements: Comparisons with the CIRA(1972), Adv. Space Res., 3 , 125, 1983.

Gonzales, C. A., M. C. Kelley, R. A. Behnke, J. F. Vickrey, R. H. Wand, and J. M. Holt, On the latitudinal variations of the ionospheric electric field during magnetospheric disturbances, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 9135, 1983.

Greenwald, R. A., Electric fields in the ionosphere and magnetosphere, Space Sci. Rev., 34 , 305, 1983.

Heelis, R. A., J. C. Foster, O. de la Beaujardiere, and J. M. Holt, Multistation measurements of high-latitutde ionospheric convection, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 10111, 1983.

Holt, J. M., J. V. Evans, and R. H. Wand, Millstone Hill studies of the trough: Boundary between the plasmapause and magnetosphere or not?, Radio Sci., 18 , 947, 1983.

Mahajan, K. K., V. K. Pandey, and V. C. Jain, Relationship between electron density and electron temperature as a function of solar activity, Adv. Space Res., 2 , 247, 1983.

Oliver, W. L., J. M. Holt, R. H. Wand, and J. V. Evans, Millstone Hill incoherent scatter observations of auroral convection over 60° < L < 75 °. 3. Average patterns vs Kp, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 5505, 1983.

Sojka, J. J., R. W. Schunk, J. V. Evans, J. M. Holt, and R. H. Wand, Comparison of model high-latitude electron densities with Millstone Hill observations, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 7783, 1983.

Wand, R. H., Geomagnetic activity effects on semidiurnal winds in the lower thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 9243, 1983.

Wand, R. H., Lower thermosphere structure from Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar measurements: 1. Daily mean temperature, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 7201, 1983.

Wand, R. H., Lower thermospheric structure from Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar measurements: 2. Semidiurnal temperature component, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 7211, 1983.

Wand, R. H., P. K. Rastogi, B. J. Watkins, and G. B. Loriot, Fine doppler resolution observations on thin turbulence structures in the tropostratosphere at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 3851, 1983.

Wand, R. H., Seasonal variations of lower thermospheric winds from the Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar, J. Geophys. Res., 88 , 9227, 1983.

1982

Alcadye, D., and R. Bernard, Modelling of the lower thermosphere: Contributions of incoherent scatter observations, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 44 , 95, 1982.

Evans, J. V., The Sun's Influence on the Earth's Atmosphere and Interplanetary Science, Science, 216 , 467, 1982.

Kamide, Y., The relationship between field-aligned currents and the auroral electrojets: A review, Space Sci. Rev., 31 , 127, 1982.

Mazaudier, C., and M. Blanc, Electric currents above Saint-Santin: 2. Model, J. Geophys. Res., 87 , 2465, 1982.

Rees, M. H., Scientific results of the U.S. IMS ground-based program, Rev. of Geophys. and Space Phys., 20 , 654, 1982.

Sojka, J. J., and R. W. Schunk, Predicted diurnal variations of electron density for three high-latitude incoherent scatter radars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 9 , 143, 1982.

Yasuhara, F., Y. Kamide, and J. M. Holt, Field-aligned currents in high latitudes estimated from Millstone Hill radar observations of ion drifts, J. Geophys. Res., 87 , 2553, 1982.

1981

Champion, K. S., Properties of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, Adv. Space Res., 1 , 133, 1981.

Evans, J. V., and R. H. Wand, Anomalous Ionospheric Refraction Associated with the Auroral Zone., Proc. 1981 Symposium on the Effects of the Ionosphere on Radiowave Systems, Naval Research Lab, Arlington, Virginia, 1981.

Foster, J. C., J. R. Doupnik, and G. S. Stiles, Large scale patterns of auroral ionospheric convection observed with Chatanika radar, J. Geophys. Res., 86 , 11357, 1981.

Holtzworth, R., J. Wygant, F. Mozer, C. Gonzales, and R. Greenwald, Global ionospheric electric field measurements in April 1978, J. Geophys. Res., 86 , 6859, 1981.

Kohnlein, W., Electron temperature variations during solar-maximum conditions (200-500 km), Planetary Space Sci., 29 , 47, 1981.

Sanatani, S., and E. L. Breig, Winter nighttime ion temperatures and energetic electrons from OGO 6 plasma measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 86 , 3595, 1981.

Vlasov, M. N., and A. G. Kolesnik, Comparison of the empirical and thermospheric models and the self-consistent model of the ionospheric plasma, Adv. Space Res., 1 , 187, 1981.

Wand, R. H., A model representation of the ionospheric electric field over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 86 , 5801, 1981.

Wand, R. H., and J. V. Evans, Seasonal and magnetic activity variations of ionospheric electric fields over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 86 , 103, 1981.

Wand, R. H., and J. V. Evans, The penetration of convection electric fields to the latitude of Millstone Hill (L = 56 deg), J. Geophys. Res., 86 , 5809, 1981.

1980

Evans, J. V., J. M. Holt, W. L. Oliver, and R. H. Wand, Millstone Hill incoherent scatter observations of auroral convection over 60° < L < 75 °: 2. Initial results, J. Geophys. Res., 85 , 41, 1980.

Gonzales, C. A., M. C. Kelley, D. L. Carpenter, T. R. Miller, and R. H. Wand, Simultaneous measurements of ionospheric and magnetospheric electric fields in the outer plasmasphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 7 , 517, 1980.

Kohnlein, W., A model of thermospheric temperature and composition, Planetary Space Sci., 28 , 225, 1980.

Mahajan, K. K., and V. K. Pandey, Models of electron temperature in the topside ionosphere for low and medium solar activity conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 85 , 213, 1980.

Oliver, W. L., Improved Millstone Hill exospheric temperature measurements: Evidence for a seasonal variation of the magnetic activity effect, J. Geophys. Res., 85 , 4237, 1980.

Oyama, K. L., K. Hirao, P. M. Banks, and P. R. Williamson, Is Te equal to Tn at the heights of 100 to 200 km?, Planetary Space Sci., 28 , 207, 1980.

Richmond, A. D., M. Blanc, B. A. Emery, R. H. Wand, and B. G. Fejer, An empirical model of quiet-day ionospheric electric fields at middle and low latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 85 , 4658, 1980.

Sojka, J. J., J. C. Foster, W. J. Raitt, R. W. Schunk, and J. R. Doupnik, High-latitude convection: Comparison of a simple model with incoherent scatter observations, J. Geophys. Res., 85 , 703, 1980.

Thuillier, G., J. L. Falin, and F. Barlier, Magnetic activity effects on the exospheric temperatures at high altitudes, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 42 , 653, 1980.

1979

Babcock, R. R., and J. V. Evans, Effects of geomagnetic disturbances on neutral winds and temperatures in the thermosphere observed over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 84 , 5349, 1979.

Babcock, R. R., and J. V. Evans, Seasonal and solar cycle variations in the thermospheric circulation observed over Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 84 , 7348, 1979.

Evans, J. V., J. M. Holt, and R. H. Wand, Millstone Hill incoherent scatter observations of auroral convection over 60° u Å u 75 °: 1. Observing and data reduction procedures, J. Geophys. Res., 84 , 7059, 1979.

Evans, J. V., W. L. Oliver, and J. E. Salah, Thermospheric properties as deduced from incoherent scatter measurements, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 41 , 259, 1979.

Gonzales, C. A., M. C. Kelley, B. G. Fejer, J. F. Vickrey, and R. F. Woodman, Equatorial electric fields during magnetically disturbed conditions: 2. Implications of simultaneous auroral and equatorial measurement, J. Geophys. Res., 84 , 5803, 1979.

Hedin, A. E., Neutral thermospheric composition and thermal structure, Rev. of Geophys. and Space Phys., 17 , 477, 1979.

Mahajan, K. K., and V. K. Pandey, Solar activity changes in the electron temperature at 1000-km altitude from the Langmuir probe measurements on Isis 1 and Explorer 22 satellites, J. Geophys. Res., 84 , 5585, 1979.

Mikhaylov, A. V., and B. Y. Serebryakov, Computation of the daily variations of the characteristcs of the maximum of a magnetically quite mid-latitude F2 region of the ionosphere, Geomag. Aeron., 19 , 674, 1979.

1978

Alcayde, D., P. Bauer, A. Hedin, and J. E. Salah, Compatibility of seasonal variations in mid-latitude thermospheric models at solar maximum and low geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res., 83 , 1141, 1978.

Emery, B. A., Neutral thermospheric winds deduced above Millstone Hill: 2. Seasonal wind variations, 1970-1971, J. Geophys. Res., 83 , 5704, 1978.

Emery, B. A., Neutral thermospheric winds deduced above Millstone Hill: 1. Mathematical model, uncertainties, and representative results, J. Geophys. Res., 83 , 5691, 1978.

Evans, J. V., A note on lunar tides in the ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 83 , 1647, 1978.

Evans, J. V., and J. M. Holt, Nighttime proton fluxes at Millstone Hill, Planetary Space Sci., 26 , 727, 1978.

Evans, J. V., Incoherent scatter contributions to studies of the dynamics of the lower thermosphere, Rev. of Geophys. and Space Phys., 16 , 195, 1978.

Gonzales, C. A., M. C. Kelley, L. A. Carpenter, and R. H. Holzworth, Evidence for a magnetospheric effect on mid-latitude electric fields, J. Geophys. Res., 83 , 4397, 1978.

Roble, R. G., A. D. Richmond, W. L. Oliver, and R. M. Harper, Ionospheric effects of the gravity wave launched by the September 18, 1974, sudden commencement, J. Geophys. Res., 83 , 999, 1978.

Roble, R. G., A. I. Stewart, M. R. Torr, D. W. Rusch, and R. H. Wand, The calculated and observed ionospheric properties during Atmospheric Explorer-C satellite crossings over Millstone Hill, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 40 , 21, 1978.

Roper, R. G., and J. E. Salah, Preliminary results from the URSI/IAGA cooperative tidal observations program (CTOP), J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 40 , 879, 1978.

Wand, R. H., and J. E. Salah, Tidal observations at Millstone Hill for the August 1974 and October 1975 special periods, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 40 , 913, 1978.

1977

Alcayde, D., P. Bauer, A. Hedin, and J. E. Salah, Compatibility of Different Thermospheric Models at 45°N, Ann. Geophys ., 1977.

Antoniadis, D. A., Determination of thermospheric quantities from simple ionospheric observations using numerical simulation, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 39 , 531, 1977.

Benson, R. F., P. Bauer, L. H. Brace, H. C. Carlson, and J. Hagen, Electron and ion temperatures - A comparison of ground-based incoherent scatter and AE-C satellite measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 82 , 99, 1977.

Evans, J. V., Satellite beacon contributions to studies of the structure of the ionosphere, Rev. of Geophys. and Space Phys., 15, 325, 1977.

Hagfors, T., Incoherent scatter radar observations, in Radar Probing of the Auroral Plasma, 75-102, Scan. Univ. Books, Tromso, 1977.

Hedin, A. E., J. E. Salah, J. V. Evans, C. A. Reber, G. P. Newton, N. W. Spencer, D. C. Kayser, D. Alcayde, P. Bauer, L. Cogger and J. P. McClure, A Global Thermospheric Model Based on Mass Spectrometer and Incoherent Scatter Data: MSIS Part 1 - N2 Density and Temperature, J. Geophys. Res ., 1977.

Roble, R. G., J. E. Salah, and B. A. Emery, The seasonal variation of the diurnal thermospheric winds over Millstone Hill during solar cycle maximum, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 39 , 503, 1977.

Salah, J. E., and J. V. Evans, Tests of electrodynamic consistency from daytime ionospheric drift observations, J. Geophys. Res., 83 , 2413, 1977.

Salah, J. E., R. H. Wand, and R. Bernard, Comparison of simultaneous tidal observations by incoherent scatter radars, Ann. Geophys., 33 , 95, 1977.

1976

Antoniadis, D. A., Thermospheric winds and exospheric temperatures from incoherent scatter radar measurements in four seasons, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 38 , 187, 1976.

Harper, R. M., R. H. Wand, C. J. Zamlutti, and D. T. Farley, E-region ion drifts and winds from incoherent scatter measurements at Arecibo, J. Geophys. Res., 81 , 25, 1976.

Kirchhoff, V. W., and L. A. Carpenter, The day-to-day variability in ionospheric electric fields and currents, J. Geophys. Res., 81 , 2737, 1976.

Noxon, J. F., and J. V. Evans, Simultaneous optical and incoherent scatter observations of two low-latitude auroras, Planetary Space Sci., 24 , 425, 1976.

Potapova, N. I. and B. S. Shapiro, Temperature and Thickness of the F-Region According to the Results of Ground-Based Vertical Sounding and Incoherent Scatter, Geomag. Aeron., 16 , 262-265.

Richmond, A. D., Electric field in the ionosphere and plasmasphere on quiet days, J. Geophys. Res., 81 , 1447, 1976.

Roble, R. G., J. F. Noxon, and J. V. Evans, The intensity variation of the atomic oxygen red line during morning and evening twilight on 9-10 April 1969, Space Sci., 24 , 327, 1976.

Salah, J. E., J. V. Evans, D. Alcayde, and P. Bauer, Comparison of exospheric temperatures at Millstone Hill and St. Santin, Ann. Geophys., 32 , 257, 1976.

Wand, R. H., Semidiurnal tide in the E-region from incoherent scatter measurements at Arecibo, Radio Sci., 11 , 641, 1976.

1975

Bilitza, D., Models for the relationship between electron density and temperature in the upper ionosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 37 , 1219, 1975.

Carpenter, L. A., and V. W. Kirchhoff, Comparison of high-latitude and mid-latitude ionospheric electric fields, J. Geophys. Res., 80 , 1810, 1975.

Cunnold, D. M., Vertical transport coefficients in the mesosphere obtained from radar observations, J. Atmos. Sci., 32 , 2191, 1975.

Evans, J. V., A review of F-region dynamics, Rev. of Geophys. and Space Phys., 13 , 887, 1975.

Evans, J. V., A study of F2 region daytime vertical ionization fluxes at Millstone Hill during 1969, Planetary Space Sci., 23 , 1461, 1975.

Evans, J. V., A study of F2 region night-time vertical ionization fluxes at Millstone Hill, Planetary Space Sci., 23 , 1611, 1975.

Evans, J. V., High-power radar studies of the ionosphere, Proc. of the IEEE, 63 , 1636, 1975.

Harper, R. M., R. H. Wand, and J. D. Whitehead, Comparison of Arecibo E-region data and sporadic-E theory: A measurement of the diffusion coefficient, Radio Sci., 10 , 357, 1975.

Kirchhoff, V. W., and L. A. Carpenter, Dominance of the diurnal mode of horizontal drift velocities at F-region heights, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 37 , 419, 1975.

Papagiannis, M. D., H. Hajeb-Hosseinieh, and M. Mendillo, Changes in the ionospheric profile and the Farady factor M with Kp, Planetary Space Sci., 23 , 107, 1975.

Roble, R. G., The calculated and observed diurnal variation of the ionosphere over Millstone Hill on 23-24 March 1970, Planetary Space Sci., 23 , 1017, 1975.

Salah, J. E., J. V. Evans, and R. H. Wand, E-region temperature measurements at Millstone Hill, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 37 , 461, 1975.

Salah, J. E., R. H. Wand, and J. V. Evans, Tidal effects in the E-region from incoherent scatter radar observations, Radio Sci., 10 , 347, 1975.

1974

Cicerone, R. J., Photoelectrons in the ionosphere: radar measurements and theoretical computations, Rev. of Geophys. and Space Phys., 12 , 259, 1974.

Evans, J. V., Some post-war developments in ground-based radiowave sounding of the ionosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 36 , 2183, 1974.

Mendillo, M., and J. V. Evans, Incoherent scatter observations of the ionospheric response to a large solar flare, Radio Sci., 9 , 197, 1974.

Mendillo, M., J. A. Klobuchar, R. B. Fritz, A. V. da Rosa, and L. Kersley, Behavior of the ionospheric F region during the great solar flare of August 7, 1972, J. Geophys. Res., 79 , 665, 1974.

Oliver, W. L., and S. A. Bowhill, The F1 region during a solar eclipse, Radio Sci., 9 , 189, 1974.

Roble, R. G., B. A. Emery, J. E. Salah, and P. B. Hays, Diurnal variation of the neutral thermospheric winds determined from incoherent scatter radar data, J. Geophys. Res., 79 , 2868, 1974.

Salah, J. E., and J. M. Holt, Midlatitude thermospheric winds from incoherent scatter radar and theory, Radio Sci., 9 , 301, 1974.

Salah, J. E., and R. H. Wand, Tides in the temperature of the lower thermosphere at mid-latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 79 , 4295, 1974.

Salah, J. E., Daily oscillations of the mid-latitude thermosphere studies by incoherent scatter at Millstone Hill, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 36 , 1891, 1974.

Salah, J. E., J. V. Evans, and R. H. Wand, Seasonal variations in the thermosphere above Millstone Hill, Radio Sci., 9 , 231, 1974.

1973

Anastassiadis, M., G. Moraitis, and D. Matsoukas, Electron density profiles above the F-layer, Planetary Space Sci., 21 , 1581, 1973.

Evans, J. V., and J. M. Holt, The combined use of satellite differential Doppler and ground-based measurements for ionospheric studies, IEEE Trans. Ant. and Prop. AP, 21 , 685, 1973.

Evans, J. V., Millstone Hill Thomson Scatter results for 1966 and 1967, Planetary Space Sci., 21 , 763, 1973.

Evans, J. V., Seasonal and sunspot cycle variations of F region electron temperatures and protonospheric heat fluxes, J. Geophys. Res., 78 , 2344, 1973.

Evans, J. V., The causes of storm-time increases of the F-layer at mid-latitudes, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 35 , 593, 1973.

McClure, J. P., W. B. Hanson, A. F. Nagy, R. J. Cicerone, and L. H. Brace, Comparison of Te and Ti from Ogo 6 and from various incoherent scatter radar stations, J. Geophys. Res., 78 , 197, 1973.

Roble, R. G., and R. E. Dickenson, Is there enough solar extreme ultraviolet radiation to maintain the global mean thermospheric temperature?, J. Geophys. Res., 78 , 249, 1973.

Salah, J. E., and J. V. Evans, Measurements of thermospheric temperatures by incoherent scatter radar, Space Research, 13 , 267, 1973.

1972

Armistead, G. W., J. V. Evans, and W. A. Reid, Measurements of D- and E-region electron densities by the incoherent scatter technique at Millstone Hill, Radio Sci., 7 , 153, 1972.

Evans, J. V., and W. L. Oliver, The study of E-region ion concentration and compositon by incoherent scatter radar, Radio Sci., 7 , 103, 1972.

Evans, J. V., Ionospheric movements measured by incoherent scatter: A review, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 34 , 175,1972.

Evans, J. V., Measurements of horizontal drifts in the E and F regions at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 77 , 2341, 1972.

Hagfors, T., and R. A. Power, Kinetic theory of density fluctuations in a magnetized collision-dominated plasma in an electric field, J. Geophys. Res., 77 , 4190, 1972.

Schunk, R. W., and J. C. Walker, Oxygen and hydrogen ion densities above Millstone Hill, Planetary Space Sci., 20 , 581, 1972.

1971

Cicerone, R. J., and S. A. Bowhill, Photoelectron fluxes measured at Millstone Hill, Radio Sci., 6 , 957, 1971.

Evans, J. V., and J. M. Holt, Observations of F-region vertical velocities at Millstone Hill: 3. Determination of altitude distribution of H+, Radio Sci., 6 , 855, 1971.

Evans, J. V., Observation of F-regions vertical velocities at Millstone Hill: 1. Evidence for drifts due to expansion, contraction, and winds, Radio Sci., 6 , 609, 1971.

Evans, J. V., Observations of F-region vertical velocities at Millstone Hill: 2. Evidence for fluxes into and out of the protonsphere, Radio Sci., 6 , 843, 1971.

Hagfors, T., and R. A. Brockelman, A theory of collision dominated electron density fluctuations in a plasma with applications to incoherent scattering, Physics of Fluids, 14 , 1143, 1971.

Hagfors, T., Some properties of radar auroral echoes as observed at a frequency of 1295 MHz, Proc: AGARD Tech. Mtg ., Lindau, 1971.

Hagfors, T., R. G. Johnson and R. A. Power, Simultaneous Observation of Proton Precipitation and Auroral Radar Echoes, J. Geophys. Res., 76 , 6093-6098, 1971.

1970

Carlson, H. C., and J. Sayers, Discrepancy in electron temperatures deduced from Langmuir probes and from incoherent scatter radars, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 4883, 1970.

Cox, L. P., and J. V. Evans, Seasonal variation of the O/N 2 ratio in the F1 region, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 6271, 1970.

Evans, J. V., F-region heating observed during the main phase of magnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 4815, 1970.

Evans, J. V., Millstone Hill Thomson scatter results for 1965, Planetary Space Sci., 18 , 1225, 1970.

Evans, J. V., The June 1965 magnetic storm: Millstone Hill observations, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 32 , 1629, 1970.

Evans, J. V., and L. P. Cox, Seasonal variation of the F1-region ion composition, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 159, 1970.

Evans, J. V., and I. J. Gastman, Detection of Conjugate Photoelectrons at Millstone Hill, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 807-815, 1970.

Evans, J. V., Comparison of radar and optical temperature measurements in the F region, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 4881, 1970.

Evans, J. V., Midlatitude ionospheric temperatures during three magnetic storms in 1965, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 4803, 1970.

Evans, J. V., R. A. Brockelman, R. F. Julian, W. A. Reid, and L. A. Carpenter, Determination of F-region vertical drifts at Millstone Hill, Radio Sci., 5 , 27, 1970.

Hagfors, T., Conductivity of a weakly ionized plasma as related to particle diffusion in u-space, Physics of Fluids, 13 , 2790, 1970.

Hays, P. B., A. F. Nagy, K. D. McWatters, and J. V. Evans, Comparison of Radar and Optical Temperature Measurements in the F-region, J. Geophys. Res., 75 , 4881, 1970

Strobel, D. F., and M. B. McElroy, The F2-layer at middle latitudes, Planetary Space Sci., 18 , 1181, 1970.

1969

Abel, W. G., and R. E. Newell, Meeasurements of the afternoon radio aurora at 1295 MHz, J. Geophys. Res., 74 , 231, 1969.

Evans, J. V., Theory and practice of ionosphere study by Thompson scatter radar, Proc. of the IEEE, 57 , 496, 1969.

1968

Evans, J. V., and G. P. Mantas, Thermal structure of the temperate latitude ionosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 30 , 563, 1968.

Evans, J. V., Sunrise behavior of the F layer at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 73 , 3489, 1968.

Evans, J. V., The heating of the protonsphere, Space Research, 8 , 717, 1968.

1967

Evans, J. V., Electron temperature and ion composition in the F1 region, J. Geophys. Res., 72 , 3343, 1967.

Evans, J. V., Ground-based Measurements of Atmospheric and Ionospheric particle temperatures, Solar Terrestrial Physics, Chapter IX, J. King and W. S. Newman, eds., Academic Press, London, England, 1967.

Evans, J. V., Midlatitude electron and ion temperatures at sunspot minimum, Planetary Space Sci., 15 , 1557, 1967.

Evans, J. V., Midlatitude F-region densities and temperatures at sunspot minimum, Planetary Space Sci., 15 , 1387, 1967.

Gordon, W. E., F region and magnetosphere, backscatter results, Reviews of Geophysics, 5 , 191, 1967.

Hagfors, T., Discussion of Paper by F.L. Scarf, 'Effect of Coherent Density Fluctuations on the Radar Determination of Total Electron Content', J. Geophys. Res., 72 , 4595-4598, 1967.

1965

Evans, J. V., Ionospheric backscatter observations at Millstone Hill, Planetary Space Sci., 13 , 1031, 1965.

Evans, J. V., A comparison of rocket, satellite and radar determinations of electron temperature at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 70 , 4365, 1965.

Evans, J. V., Cause of the midlatitude winter night increase in f0F2, J. Geophys. Res., 70 , 4331, 1965.

Evans, J. V., Midlatitude ionospheric temperatures on magnetically quiet and disturbed days, J. Geophys. Res., 70 , 2726, 1965.

Evans, J. V., Cause of the mid-latitude evening increase in f0F2, J. Geophys. Res., 70 , 1175, 1965.

Evans, J. V., An F region eclipse, J. Geophys. Res., 70 , 131, 1965.

Hagfors, T., Comments on Letter by A.K. Finney, R.L. Moore and B.E. Perkins, J. Geophys. Res., 70 , 1563-1564, 1965.

1964

Evans, J. V., and M. Loewenthal, Ionospheric backscatter observations, Planetary Space Sci., 12 , 915, 1964.

Evans, J. V., Ionospheric temperatures during the launch of NASA rocket 8.14 on July 2, 1963, J. Geophys. Res., 69 , 1436, 1964.

Evans, J. V., Incoherent Backscatter Studies of the Ionosphere at Millstone Hill, Electron Density Distribution in the Ionosphere and Exosphere, E. Thrane, ed., 266-304, North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1964.

Evans, J. V., Electron to Ion Temperature Ratios, Electron Density Distribution in the Ionosphere and Exosphere, E. Thrane, ed., 387-392, North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1964.

Millman, G. H., V. C. Pineo, and D. P. Hynek, Ionospheric investigations by the Faraday rotation of incoherent backscatter, J. Geophys. Res., 69 , 4051, 1964.

1963

Millman, G. H., V. C. Pineo, and D. P. Hynek, Observations of ionospheric movements by incoherent scattering, J. Geophys. Res., 68 , 3323, 1963.

Pineo, V. C., D. P. Hynek, and G. P. Millman, Geomagnetic effects of the frequency spectrum of incoherent backscatter observed at 425 megacycles per second at Trinidad, J. Geophys. Res., 68 , 2695, 1963.

1962

Evans, J. V., Diurnal variation of the temperature of the F-region, J. Geophys. Res., 67 , 4914, 1962.

Pineo, V. C., and D. P. Hynek, Spectral widths and shapes and other characteristics of incoherent backscatter from the ionosphere observed at 440 Megacycles per second during a 24 hour period in May 1961, J. Geophys. Res., 67 , 5119, 1962.

Pineo, V. C., L. G. Kraft, H. W. Briscoe, and D. P. Hynek, Experimental studies of the F-region using the incoherent backscatter technique at frequencies around 400 Mc/s, Electron Density Profiles, 358-367, Pergamon Press, Oxford, England, 1962.

1961

Pineo, V. C., and H. W. Briscoe, Discussion of incoherent backscatter power measurements at 440 Mc/s, J. Geophys. Res., 66 , 3965, 1961.

1960

Fejer, J. A., Radio-wave scattering by an ionized gas in the thermal equilibrium, J. Geophys. Res., 65 , 2635, 1960.

Pineo, V. C., L. G. Kraft, and H. W. Briscoe, Some characteristics of ionospheric backscatter observed at 440 Mc/s, J. Geophys. Res., 65 , 2629, 1960.

Pineo, V. C., L. G. Kraft, and H. W. Briscoe, Ionospheric backscatter observation at 440 Mc/s, J. Geophys. Res., 65 , 1620, 1960.